Shirley Graham Du Bois (November 11, 1896 – March 27, 1977) was an American award-winning author, playwright, composer, and activist for African-American and other causes. In later life she married the noted thinker, writer, and activist W. E. B. Du Bois. With him, she became a citizen of Ghana in 1961 after they emigrated there. She won the Messner and the Anisfield-Wolf prizes for her works.