Cesare Lombroso, born Ezechia Marco Lombroso (6 November 1835 – 19 October 1909), was an Italian criminologist, physician, and founder of the Italian School of Positivist Criminology. Lombroso rejected the established Classical School, which held that crime was a characteristic trait of human nature. Instead, using concepts drawn from physiognomy, early eugenics, psychiatry and Social Darwinism, Lombroso's theory of anthropological criminology essentially stated that criminality was inherited, and that someone "born criminal" could be identified by physical defects, which confirmed a criminal as savage, or atavistic.
Zinovy Petrovich Rozhestvensky (Russian: Зиновий Петрович Рожественский) (November 11 1848 – January 14, 1909) was an admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy. He was in command of the Second Pacific Squadron in the Battle of Tsushima, during the Russo-Japanese War.
George Reynolds (January 1, 1842 – August 9, 1909) was a general authority of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), a longtime secretary to the First Presidency of the LDS Church, and a party to the 1878 United States Supreme Court case Reynolds v. United States, the first freedom of religion case to issue from that court.
María "Consuelo" Montagu, Duchess of Manchester (1858 – 20 November 1909), née Doña María Consuelo Iznaga y Clement, was a Cuban American woman who married Viscount Mandeville and later became the Duchess of Manchester.
Aline Caroline de Rothschild, Lady Sassoon (21 February 1865 – 1909) was a French socialite and daughter of Cécile Anspach and Baron Gustave de Rothschild of the prominent Rothschild family. She died aged 43 or 44 from undisclosed causes.
William Moore (30 March 1822 – 29 March 1909) was a steamship captain, businessman, miner and explorer in British Columbia and Alaska. During most of British Columbia's gold rushes (from the Queen Charlottes in 1852 until the Cassiar Gold Rush in 1872) Moore could be found at the center of activity, either providing transportation to the miners, working claims or delivering mail and supplies.
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