Henri de Mondeville c1260 – 1316 a medieval Frenchmen has been claimed as the “Father of French Surgery”. There is some doubt about his birth place but it was most likely to be either the village of Mandeville or Edmondeville both in Normandy. He was the surgeon to Philippe Le Bel (Philip the Fair) of France and his successor Louis X. He is the author of Cyrurgia (Surgery) (1312). This is the first medieval treatise on surgery but was eclipsed by the more famous Guy de Chauliac’s Chirurgia magna. He died of pulmonary tuberculosis.
Guy de Chauliac (ca. 1300 – 25 July 1368) was a French physician and surgeon who wrote a large and influential treatise on surgery, titled in Latin Chirurgia Magna. It was translated into many other languages (including English circa 1425) and widely read by physicians in late medieval Europe.
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