Edward Spencer Abraham (born June 12, 1952) is a former Republican United States Senator from Michigan. He served as the tenth United States Secretary of Energy, serving under President George W. Bush. Abraham is one of the founders of the Federalist Society and a co-founder of the Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy. To date, Abraham is the last Republican to serve as a U.S. Senator from Michigan. Spencer Abraham is a defendant as a board Member of Occidental Petroleum Board of Directors violating their fiduciary duties in C. A.No. 9343-VCL Milton Pfeiffer, et on behalf of Occidental Petroleum, Plaintiffs V. Spencer Abraham, et al. defendants, etc.