|Born||Wallace Fitzgerald Beery |
April 1, 1885
Clay County, Missouri, U.S.
|Died||April 15, 1949 (aged 64)|
Beverly Hills, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||heart attack|
|Spouse(s)||Gloria Swanson (m.1916-1919; divorced) |
Rita Gilman (m.1924-1939; divorced) 1 child
Wallace Fitzgerald Beery (April 1, 1885 – April 15, 1949) was an American actor. He is best known for his portrayal of Bill in Min and Bill opposite Marie Dressler, as Long John Silver in Treasure Island, as Pancho Villa in Viva Villa!, and his titular role in The Champ, for which he won the Academy Award for Best Actor. Beery appeared in some 250 movies over a 36-year span. He was the brother of actor Noah Beery, Sr. and uncle of actor Noah Beery, Jr.
 Early life
Beery was born in Clay County, Missouri near Smithville. The youngest son of Noah Webster Beery and Frances Margaret (Fitzgerald) Beery, he and his brothers William C. Beery and Noah Beery became Hollywood actors. The Beery family left the farm in the 1890s and moved to nearby Kansas City, Missouri where the father was employed as a police officer.
Wallace Beery attended the Chase School in Kansas City and took piano lessons as well, but showed little love for academic matters. He ran away from home twice, the first time returning after a short time, quitting school and working in the Kansas City train yards as an engine wiper. Beery ran away from home a second time at age 16, and joined the Ringling Brothers Circus as an assistant elephant trainer. He left two years later, after being clawed by a leopard.
Wallace Beery joined his brother Noah in New York City in 1904, finding work in comic opera as a baritone and began to appear on Broadway as well as Summer stock theatre. His most notable early role came in 1907 when he starred in The Yankee Tourist to good reviews. In 1913, he moved to Chicago to work for Essanay Studios, cast as Sweedie, The Swedish Maid, a masculine character in drag. Later, he worked for the Essanay Studios location in Niles, California.
In 1915, Beery starred with his wife Gloria Swanson in Sweedie Goes to College. This marriage did not survive his drinking and abuse. Beery began playing villains, and in 1917 portrayed Pancho Villa in Patria at a time when Villa was still active in Mexico. Beery reprised the role seventeen years later in one of MGM's biggest hits.
Wallace Beery's notable silent films include Arthur Conan Doyle's dinosaur epic The Lost World (1925; as Professor Challenger), Robin Hood with Douglas Fairbanks (Beery played King Richard the Lionheart in this film and a sequel the following year called Richard the Lion-Hearted), Last of the Mohicans (1920), The Round-Up (1920; with Roscoe Arbuckle), Old Ironsides (1926), Now We're in the Air (1927), The Usual Way (1913), Casey at the Bat (1927), and Beggars of Life (1928) with Louise Brooks.
 Transition to sound
Beery's powerful basso voice and gruff, deliberate drawl soon became assets when Irving Thalberg hired him under contract to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer as a character actor during the dawn of the sound film era.
Beery played the savage convict "Butch", a role originally intended for Lon Chaney, Sr., in the highly successful 1930 prison film The Big House, for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor. The same year, he made Min and Bill (opposite Marie Dressler), the movie that vaulted him into the box office first rank. He followed with The Champ in 1931, this time winning the Best Actor Oscar, and the role of Long John Silver in Treasure Island (1934). He received a gold medal from the Venice Film Festival for his performance as Pancho Villa in Viva Villa! (1934) with Fay Wray. (Lee Tracy was originally to appear in the film until he drunkenly urinated off the balcony into a crowd of Mexicans standing below; Tracy's career never recovered from the incident.) Other Beery films include Billy the Kid (1930) with Johnny Mack Brown, The Secret Six (1931) with Jean Harlow and Clark Gable, Hell Divers (1931) with Gable, Grand Hotel (1932) with Joan Crawford, Tugboat Annie (1933) with Dressler, Dinner at Eight (1933) opposite Harlow, The Bowery with George Raft, Fay Wray, and Pert Kelton that same year, China Seas (1935) with Gable and Harlow, and Eugene O'Neill's Ah, Wilderness! (1935) in the role of a drunken uncle later played on Broadway by Jackie Gleason in a musical comedy version. During the 1930s Beery was one of Hollywood's Top 10 box office stars, and at one point his contract with MGM stipulated that he be paid $1 more than any other contract player at the studio, making him the highest paid actor in the world.
He starred in several comedies with Marie Dressler and Marjorie Main, but his career began to decline in his last decade. In 1943 his brother Noah Beery, Sr. appeared with him in the war-time propaganda film Salute to the Marines, followed by Bad Bascomb (1946) and The Mighty McGurk (1947). He remained top-billed and none of Beery's films during the sound era lost money at the box office; his movies were particularly popular in the Southern regions of the United States, especially small towns and cities.
 Personal life
Beery's first wife was actress Gloria Swanson; the two performed onscreen together. Although Beery had enjoyed popularity with his Sweedie shorts, his career had taken a dip, and during the marriage to Swanson, he relied on her as a breadwinner. According to Swanson's autobiography, Beery tricked her into swallowing an abortifacient when she became pregnant after he raped her on their wedding night, and caused her to lose their child. Beery's second wife was Rita Gilman. They adopted Carol Ann, daughter of Rita Beery's cousin. Like his first, this marriage also ended in divorce.
According to E.J. Fleming's book The Fixers (about MGM's legendary "fixers" Eddie Mannix and Howard Strickling), Beery, gangster Pat DiCicco, and Albert R. "Cubby" Broccoli (who was also DiCicco's cousin and eventual producer of the James Bond films) allegedly beat comedian Ted Healy to death in the parking lot of the Trocadero nightclub in 1937. The book claims that Beery was sent to Europe by the studio for a few months, while a story was concocted that three college students had killed Healy. Immigration records confirm a four-month-long trip to Europe on Beery's part immediately after Healy's death, ending April 17, 1938. A pencil drawing of Beery survives that was done on a film set by Healy, an amateur artist as well as movie actor and the organizer and original leader of The Three Stooges.
In December 1939, the unmarried Beery adopted a seven-month old infant girl Phyllis Ann. Phyllis appeared in MGM publicity photos when adopted, but was never mentioned again. Beery told the press he had taken the girl in from a single mother, recently divorced, but filed no official adoption papers. No further information on the child appears to exist, and she is not mentioned in Beery's obituary.
Beery left an impression of being misanthropic and difficult to work with on many of his colleagues. Jackie Cooper, who made several films as a child with Beery, called Beery "a big disappointment", and accused him of upstaging and other attempts to undermine the boy's performances out of what Cooper presumed was jealousy. Child actress Margaret O'Brien also worked with Beery, and she ultimately had to be protected by crew members from Beery's insistence on constantly pinching her. Mickey Rooney remains an exception to this attitude among child actors, however, and has frequently stated that he enjoyed working with Beery.
A noteworthy episode in Beery's life is chronicled in the 5th episode of Ken Burns' documentary The National Parks: America's Best Idea: In 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed an executive order creating Jackson Hole National Monument to protect the land adjoining the Grand Tetons in Wyoming. Local ranchers, outraged at loss of lands they wanted to graze and comparing this action of FDR's to Hitler's taking of Austria, were led by the aging Beery as they protested by herding 500 cattle across the monument lands without a permit.
 Selected filmography
- His Athletic Wife (1913)
- A series of Sweedie-films starting with Sweedie the Swatter released 13 July 1914
- In and Out (1914)
- The Ups and Downs (1914)
- Cheering a Husband (1914)
- Madame Double X (1914)
- Ain't It the Truth (1915)
- Two Hearts That Beat as Ten (1915) with Ben Turpin
- The Fable of the Roistering Blades (1915)
- The Broken Pledge (1915) with Gloria Swanson
- A Dash of Courage (1916) with Gloria Swanson
- Are Waitresses Safe? (1917) with Ben Turpin
- The Little American (1917) with Mary Pickford
- Maggie's First False Step (1917)
- Teddy at the Throttle (1917)
- Patria (1917; as Pancho Villa in a supporting role) with Irene Castle, Milton Sills, and Warner Oland
- The Unpardonable Sin (1919)
- Victory (1919) with Jack Holt and Lon Chaney, Sr.
- Behind the Door (1919) with Hobart Bosworth and Jane Novak
- The Life Line (1919)
- 813 (1920)
- The Virgin of Stamboul (1920; directed by Tod Browning)
- The Mollycoddle (1920) with Douglas Fairbanks
- The Round-Up (1920) with Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle
- The Last of the Mohicans (1920)
- The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1921) with Rudolph Valentino
- A Tale of Two Worlds (1921 Goldwyn)(*extant; Library of Congress)
- Wild Honey (1922) with (Priscilla Dean and Noah)
- I Am the Law (1922) with Noah Beery
- Robin Hood (1922) with Douglas Fairbanks
- A Blind Bargain (1922) with Lon Chaney, Sr.
- The Flame of Life (1923)
- The Spanish Dancer (1923) with Pola Negri
- Stormswept (1923) with Noah Beery, Sr.
- Ashes of Vengeance (1923) with Norma Talmadge
- Drifting (1923)
- Three Ages (1923) with Buster Keaton
- The Eternal Struggle (1923)
- White Tiger (1923; directed by Tod Browning)
- Richard the Lion-Hearted (1923; sequel to 1922's Robin Hood)
- The Drums of Jeopardy (1923)
- The Sea Hawk (1924)
- The Lost World (1925; Arthur Conan Doyle dinosaur epic in which Beery portrayed Professor Challenger) with Lewis Stone (and Doyle himself in a frontispiece)
- Pony Express (1925) with Betty Compson and George Bancroft
- Volcano! (1926)
- Old Ironsides (1926) with Charles Farrell and George Bancroft
- Casey at the Bat (1927) with Ford Sterling and ZaSu Pitts
- Fireman, Save My Child (1927) with Raymond Hatton
- Now We're in the Air (1927) with Louise Brooks (lost film)
- Beggars of Life (1928) with Louise Brooks and Richard Arlen
- Chinatown Nights (1929) with Warner Oland and Jack Oakie
- The Big House (1930) with Chester Morris, Lewis Stone, and Robert Montgomery
- Billy the Kid (1930; widescreen) with Johnny Mack Brown (billed as "John Mack Brown")
- Way for a Sailor (1930) with John Gilbert
- A Lady's Morals (1930; as P.T. Barnum)
- Min and Bill (1930) with Marie Dressler
- The Stolen Jools (1931; 20-minute ensemble short) with Edward G. Robinson and Buster Keaton
- The Secret Six (1931) with Jean Harlow and Clark Gable
- The Champ (1931; Oscar-winning performance) with Jackie Cooper
- Hell Divers (1931; early military planes) with Clark Gable
- Grand Hotel (1932) with Greta Garbo, John Barrymore, Lionel Barrymore and Joan Crawford
- Flesh (1932; as a wrestler, directed by an uncredited John Ford)
- Dinner at Eight (1933) with Marie Dressler, Lionel Barrymore, and Jean Harlow
- The Choices of Andy Purcell (1933) with Jackie Cooper
- The Bowery (1933) with George Raft, Jackie Cooper, Fay Wray, and Pert Kelton
- Viva Villa! (1934; as Pancho Villa again) with Leo Carrillo, Stu Erwin, and Fay Wray (shot on location in Mexico)
- Tugboat Annie (1934) with Marie Dressler
- Treasure Island (1934; as Long John Silver) with Jackie Cooper, Lionel Barrymore and Lewis Stone
- The Mighty Barnum (1934; as P.T. Barnum again) with Adolphe Menjou
- West Point of the Air (1935) with Robert Young, Maureen O'Sullivan, Rosalind Russell, and Robert Taylor
- China Seas (1935) with Clark Gable, Jean Harlow, Lewis Stone, and Robert Benchley
- O'Shaughnessy's Boy (1935) with Jackie Cooper
- Ah, Wilderness! (1935) with Lionel Barrymore, Aileen McMahon, and Mickey Rooney
- A Message to Garcia (1936) with Barbara Stanwyck and Alan Hale, Sr.
- Old Hutch (1936)
- The Good Old Soak (1937) with Betty Furness and Ted Healy
- Slave Ship (1937) with Warner Baxter (first-billed) and Mickey Rooney
- The Bad Man of Brimstone (1937) with Noah Beery, Sr.
- Port of Seven Seas (1938; written by Preston Sturges and directed by James Whale) with Maureen O'Sullivan
- Stablemates (1938) with Mickey Rooney
- Stand Up and Fight (1939) with Robert Taylor and Charles Bickford
- Sergeant Madden (1939; directed by Josef von Sternberg) with Laraine Day
- Thunder Afloat (1939) with Chester Morris
- The Man from Dakota (1940) with Dolores del Río
- 20 Mule Team (1940) with Anne Baxter and Noah Beery, Jr.
- Wyoming (1940) with Ann Rutherford
- The Bad Man (1941) with Lionel Barrymore, Laraine Day, and Ronald Reagan
- Barnacle Bill (1941) with Marjorie Main
- The Bugle Sounds (1942) with Marjorie Main, Lewis Stone, and George Bancroft
- Jackass Mail (1942) with Marjorie Main
- Salute to the Marines (1943, in color) with Noah Beery, Sr.
- Rationing (1944) with Marjorie Main
- Barbary Coast Gent (1944) with Chill Wills and Noah Beery, Sr.
- This Man's Navy (1945) with Noah Beery, Sr.
- Bad Bascomb (1946) with Marjorie Main
- The Mighty McGurk (1947) with Dean Stockwell and Edward Arnold
- Alias a Gentleman (1948) with Gladys George and Sheldon Leonard
- A Date with Judy (1948) with Jane Powell and Elizabeth Taylor
- Big Jack (1949) with Richard Conte, Marjorie Main, and Edward Arnold
 Awards and nominations
|1930||Academy Award for Best Actor||The Big House||Nominated|
|1932||Academy Award for Best Actor||The Champ||Won ("Tied" with Fredric March for Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde although in reality March received one more vote than Beery.)|
|1934||Venice Film Festival Award for Best Actor||Viva Villa!||Won|
- Obituary Variety, April 20, 1949.
- Dictionary of Missouri Biography, Lawrence O. Christensen, University of Missouri Press, 1999.
- Swanson, Gloria (1980). Swanson on Swanson. Random House. pp. 69–75. ISBN 0-394-50662-6.
- Ile de France passenger list, p. 117, line 9, Microfilm roll T715_6140
- Heiser, Wayne H., "U.S. Naval and Marine Corps Reserve Aviation V. I, 1916–1942." p.78.
- Milestones, Dec. 4, 1939, http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,762973,00.html
- A Certain Cinema, http://acertaincinema.com/media-tags/phyllis-ann-beery/
- Beery Will Add To Adopted Family, http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=GysyAAAAIBAJ&sjid=X7YFAAAAIBAJ&pg=3450%2C3625549
- Cooper, Jackie. Please Don't Shoot My Dog. Morrow, 1980, pp. 54-61. ISBN 0-688=03659-7
- Private Screenings: Child Stars|date=March 2009
- Episode Five: 1933–1945 Great Nature
- Wallace Beery at the Internet Movie Database
- Wallace Beery at AllRovi
- Wallace Beery at the Internet Broadway Database
- Wallace Beery and Gloria Swanson's Marriage
- Photographs of Wallace Beery