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first African-American woman to win a Grand Slam title in 1956
Althea Gibson Biography »
Althea Gibson (August 25, 1927 – September 28, 2003) was an American tennis player, and the first African-American athlete of either gender to cross the color line of national and international tennis. In 1956 she became the first person of color to win a Grand Slam title (the French Open). The following year she won both Wimbledon and the U.S. Nationals, then won both again in 1958, and was voted Female Athlete of the Year by the Associated Press in both years. In all she won 11 Grand Slam tournaments, including six doubles titles, and was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame and the International Women's Sports Hall of Fame. In the early 1960s she also became the first black player to compete on the women's golf tour.
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