Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark
Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent CI GCStJ GBE GCVO, née Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark (Greek: Πριγκίπισσα Μαρίνα της Ελλάδος και της Δανίας; 13 December [O.S. 30 November] 1906 – 27 August 1968) was a member of the British Royal Family; the wife of Prince George, Duke of Kent, the fourth son of King George V of the United Kingdom and Mary of Teck.
Princess Marina is the most recent foreign-born princess to marry into the British royal family.
 Early life
Princess Marina was born in Athens, Greece, on 13 December 1906. Her father was Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark, the third son of George I of Greece. Her mother was Grand Duchess Elena Vladimirovna of Russia, a granddaughter of Tsar Alexander II of Russia. One of her paternal uncles was Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark, the father of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
She was baptised near the end of 1906, and her godparents were: the King of Greece (her paternal grandfather); the King of the United Kingdom (her granduncle); the Princess of Wales; Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark (her paternal uncle); Grand Duke Boris Vladimirovich of Russia (her maternal uncle); and Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (her maternal aunt).
The family was generally poor and forced into exile when she was 11, following the overthrow of the Greek monarchy. They later moved to Paris, while the Princess stayed throughout Europe with her extended family.
On 29 November 1934 she married Prince George, Duke of Kent, at Westminster Abbey, London. Her bridesmaids were her first cousins Princesses Irene, Eugenie and Katherine of Greece and Denmark, her maternal first cousin Grand Duchess Kira Kirillovna of Russia, Crown Princess Juliana of the Netherlands, her husband's niece Princess Elizabeth of York, and her husband's cousins the Lady Iris Mountbatten and the Lady Mary Cambridge.
Together the couple had three children:
- Prince Edward of Kent, born 9 October 1935; Duke of Kent from 25 August 1942
- Princess Alexandra of Kent, born 25 December 1936
- Prince Michael of Kent, born 4 July 1942
The Duke of Kent was killed on 25 August 1942, in an aeroplane crash at Eagles Rock, near Dunbeath, Caithness, Scotland, while on active service with the Royal Air Force. The Duchess, according to royal biographer Hugo Vickers, was "the only war widow in Britain whose estate was forced to pay death duties". The Daily Mail reported that she had a sexual affair with Leslie Hutchinson, who is also alleged to have had sexual relations with Lady Edwina Mountbatten and Princess Margaret.
 Later life
After her husband's death, the Duchess of Kent continued to be an active member of the British Royal Family, carrying out a wide range of royal and official engagements. She was the longtime president of the Wimbledon All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. She was already the first cousin of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, and then also became his aunt, due to his 1947 marriage to Princess Elizabeth, later Queen Elizabeth II.
In March 1957 when Ghana—then a British colony—gained independence from Britain, the Duchess of Kent was appointed to represent the Queen at the celebrations. Fifty years later, at the 50th Anniversary of Ghana's Independence, it would be her son, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, who would be appointed by the Queen to represent her.
In September 1966, when the British Protectorate of Bechuanaland became the new Republic of Botswana, the Duchess of Kent was appointed again to represent the Queen at the celebrations. The main public hospital in Gaborone, the new Botswana's capital, is named "Princess Marina Hospital".
She served as the first Chancellor of the University of Kent at Canterbury from 1963 until her death from a brain tumour at Kensington Palace on 27 August 1968, aged 61. She is buried in the Royal Burial Ground, Frogmore.
Princess Marina gave her name to many facilities, including:
- Princess Marina College, Arborfield, Berkshire
- Princess Marina House, a facility of the Royal Air Force Benevolent Fund at Rustington.
- Princess Marina Hospital, Upton, Northamptonshire
- Princess Marina Sports Complex, Rickmansworth.
- Duchess of Kent Hospital, Sandakan, Sabah, Malaysia
- Kent College ( Training teacher college) Tuaran, Sabah, Malaysia
 Popular culture
The Kinks recorded "She's Bought a Hat Like Princess Marina" for their 1969 album Arthur (or the Decline and Fall of the British Empire). Princess Marina earned her place in the International Best Dressed List Hall of Fame in 1960 together with Princess Grace of Monaco, Patricia Lopez-Willshaw and Merle Oberon.
 Titles, styles, honours, and arms
 Titles and styles
|Royal styles of |
Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent
|Reference style||Her Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
- 13 December 1906 – 29 November 1934: Her Royal Highness Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark
- 29 November 1934 – 8 June 1961: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Kent
- 8 June 1961 – 27 August 1968: Her Royal Highness Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent
At the time of her death, Princess Marina's full style was: Her Royal Highness Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent, Countess of St. Andrews and Baroness Downpatrick, Companion of the Imperial Order of the Crown of India, Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Dame Grand Cross of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire, Dame Grand Cross of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem.
Just before the current Duke of Kent's wedding in June 1961 to Katharine Worsley, she announced that she wished to be known as HRH Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent instead of HRH The Dowager Duchess of Kent, a change in traditional style that was granted by her niece, Queen Elizabeth II. Upon her marriage in 1934, Princess Marina had become HRH The Duchess of Kent, Countess of St. Andrews, and Baroness Downpatrick. However, she remained a Princess of Greece and Denmark. Following her elder son's wedding, she simply reverted to her own princely title.
- CI: Companion of the Order of the Crown of India
- GCVO: Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
- GBE: Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
- GCStJ: Dame Grand Cross of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem
- Royal Family Order of King George V
- Royal Family Order of King George VI
- Royal Family Order of Queen Elizabeth II
- The Order of St. Olga and St. Sophia, 1st Class
- Grand Cross of the Order of Beneficence
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Aztec Eagle
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Sun of Peru
- Grand Cross of the Order of Merit
- Grand Cross of the National Order of the Southern Cross
- Grand Cross of the Order of the Liberator San Martin
- Canadian Forces Decoration
- Grand Decoration in Gold with Sash for Services to the Republic of Austria
 Honorary military appointments
- Colonel-in-Chief, of The Kent Regiment
- Colonel-in-Chief, of The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment
- Colonel-in-Chief, of The Dorset Regiment
- Colonel-in-Chief, of The Essex and Kent Scottish Regiment
- Colonel-in-Chief, of The Devonshire and Dorset Regiment
- Colonel-in-Chief, of the Corps of Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
- Colonel-in-Chief, of The Queen's Regiment (Allied)
- Honorary Colonel, of the Buckinghamshire Battalion, The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry
- Honorary Colonel, of the 4th Battalion, The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry
- Honorary Colonel, of the 431 LAA Regiment RA
- Honorary Colonel, of the 299th (Royal Buckinghamshire Yeomanry, Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars, and Berkshire) Field Regiment, RA
- Honorary Colonel, of the Buckinghamshire Regiment, RA (Territorials)
- Colonel, of the Queen's Own Buffs
- Honorary Commandant, of the Women's Royal Australian Naval Service
|Ancestors of Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark|
 See also
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent|
- As a titled royal, Marina held no surname after her marriage, but, when one was used, it was Windsor.
- Genealogy of the Royal Family of Great Britain
- DNB http://www.oxforddnb.com/index/34/101034877/
- Yvonne's Royalty Home Page — Royal Christenings
- "The wedding of Prince George, Duke of Kent and Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent". National Portrait Gallery, London. http://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw54480/The-wedding-of-Prince-George-Duke-of-Kent-and-Princess-Marina-Duchess-of-Kent.
- Pathe News: Princess Marina's quilt http://www.britishpathe.com/video/princess-marinas-quilt/query/Marina
- Hugo Vickers, Elizabeth, The Queen Mother, Hutchinson, 2005, page 230
- . http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-1085883/The-royal-gigolo-Edwina-Mountbatten-sued-claims-affair-black-singer-Paul-Robeson-But-truth-outrageous-.html.
- BBC: Princess Marina laid to rest http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/30/newsid_3067000/3067773.stm
- RAFBF Princess Marina House http://www.rafbf.org/141/about-princess-marina-house.html
- NHS http://www.nhs.uk/Services/hospitals/Overview/DefaultView.aspx?id=2577
- "Princess Marina Sports Complex". We Love Rickmansworth. http://www.weloverickmansworth.co.uk/go/1215-princess-marina-sports-complex/. Retrieved 2012-04-09.
- Coronation guests and their jewels http://orderofsplendor.blogspot.com/2012/03/flashback-friday-coronation-guests-and.html
- Hello Magazine http://site.hellomagazine.ca/verawang/photos17.html
- Queens with diplomatic flair http://orderofsplendor.blogspot.com/2011/11/gold-star-queens-with-diplomatic-flair.html
- Vanity Fair
- Ultimate Style - The Best of the Best Dressed List. 2004. ISBN 2 84323 513 8.
- "Viewing Page 3729 of Issue 34406". London-gazette.co.uk. 1937-06-08. http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/34406/supplements/3729. Retrieved 2012-04-09.
- "Reply to a parliamentary question" (in German) (pdf). p. 214. http://www.parlament.gv.at/PAKT/VHG/XXIV/AB/AB_10542/imfname_251156.pdf. Retrieved 18 October 2012.
Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark
Cadet branch of the House of OldenburgBorn: 13 December 1906 Died: 27 August 1968
|Preceded by |
|Chancellor of the University of Kent |
|Succeeded by |