Deewaar (1975 film)

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Deewaar
Deewar poster.jpg
Directed by Yash Chopra
Produced by Gulshan Rai
Written by Salim-Javed
Starring Shashi Kapoor
Amitabh Bachchan
Parveen Babi
Neetu Singh
Nirupa Roy
Satyendra Kapoor
Iftekhar
Madan Puri
Music by Rahul Dev Burman
Cinematography Kay Gee
Editing by T.R. Mangeshkar
Pran Mehra
Studio Mumbai
Distributed by Trimurti Films Pvt. Ltd
Release dates 24 January 1975
Running time 176 mins
Country India
Language Hindi
Box office INR75.0 million (US$1.2 million)[1]

Deewaar (English: Wall), is a 1975 Indian crime-drama film directed by Yash Chopra, written by Salim-Javed, and starring Amitabh Bachchan and Shashi Kapoor. Reflective of "the tumultuous politics of the early 70s" in India, Deewaar tells the story of two impoverished brothers who, after their family is betrayed by the misplaced idealism of their father, struggle to survive on the streets of Mumbai.[2]

Deewaar was a ground-breaking work. It was one of a few films which established Bachchan as the "angry young man" of Bollywood cinema[3][4] and Parveen Babi as the "new Bollywood woman"[5] whose character Anita is "a liberated working girl, smoking, drinking and sleeping with her lover, defying every Hindi film heroine rule."[6][7] This movie cemented the success of the writing duo Salim-Javed, who went on to write many more blockbuster films, and made them one of the most memorable writers in Hindi cinema. It is said that after the success of this film, the value of film writers skyrocketed, thanks to Salim-Javed, and they soon were being paid as high as some of the actors at the time.[8][dead link]

Deewaar received the Filmfare Best Movie Award of 1975 in addition to six other Filmfare Awards and was a "superhit" at the box office, ranking as the 4th highest grossing Bollywood film of 1975.[9] Indiatimes ranks Deewaar amongst the Top 25 Must See Bollywood Films.[10]

Plot[edit]

The film opens with the strong leadership of trade unionist, Anand Verma (Satyen Kappu), who works hard to enhance the lives of struggling laborers. He lives in a modest home with his wife, Sumitra Devi (Nirupa Roy), and their two young sons, Vijay (Amitabh Bachchan) and Ravi (Shashi Kapoor). Anand, however, is blackmailed by a corrupt businessman who threatens to kill his family if Anand does not cease his protest activities. Forced into compliance, Anand is thus attacked by the very same laborers who then jeer him for his betrayal, unaware that he was blackmailed. His family is also persecuted by the angry workers. Out of shame, Anand leaves town, leaving Sumitra to care for their sons alone in poverty. Several of the angry workers kidnap Vijay and tattoo his arm with the Hindi words "मेरा बाप चोर है" (translated into "My Father Is A Thief"). Not knowing what else to do, Sumitra brings her children to Mumbai and struggles as a day laborer to care for her now homeless sons.

Vijay, the elder brother, grows up with an acute awareness of his father's failure and is victimized for his father's supposed misdeeds. In the process of fighting for his rights, Vijay, who starts out as a boot polisher, becomes a dockyard worker in his youth, becomes a smuggler for the underworld. Vijay beats up several thugs working for their ruthless leader Samant, which then influences one of Samant's rivals to bring Vijay to his inner circle, leaving Vijay to become a new leading figure of the underworld. He also sacrifices his own education so his brother Ravi can study. Ravi is an excellent student. He is dating Veera (Neetu Singh), the daughter of a senior police officer. On the Commissioner's suggestion, Ravi applies for employment with the police, and is sent for training. Several months later, he is accepted by the police, and has a rank of Sub-Inspector. When Ravi returns home, he finds that Vijay has become a businessman overnight, has accumulated wealth, and a palatial home. One of his first assignments is to apprehend and arrest some of Bombay's hardcore criminals and smugglers which includes his brother, Vijay – much to his shock, as he had never associated his very own brother with criminal activities. Ravi must now decide between apprehending Vijay and quitting from the police force. When Ravi finds out that Vijay has acquired wealth by crime, he decides to move out along with his mother. Vijay, on the other hand, becomes involved with Anita (Parveen Babi), a woman whom he meets at a bar. When Anita becomes pregnant, Vijay decides to abandon his life in the underworld, marry her, and confess his sins. He also hopes to seek forgiveness from his mother and brother. However, when Anita is brutally murdered by Samant, Vijay loses all sense and brutally murders Samant in revenge for Anita's death, leading him to be branded a criminal forever. Their mother, who had sided with Ravi despite the fact that Vijay was her favorite, is tormented by Vijay's decisions and rejects him. When the two brothers meet for a final clash, Ravi, pleading Vijay to stop running, shoots Vijay in his arm and Vijay dies (after crashing his car into a wall while trying to escape) in his mother's arms, seeking forgiveness. Ravi is felicitated for pursuing justice.

Cast[edit]

Characters in Gunga Jumna and its adaptations
Gunga Jumna (1961) Iru Thuruvam (1971) Deewaar (1975) Thee (1981)
Hindi
Tamil
Hindi
Tamil
Gunga
(Dilip Kumar)
Rangan
(Sivaji Ganesan)
Vijay Verma
(Amitabh Bachchan)
Rajshekhar
(Rajinikanth)
Dhanno
(Vyjayanthimala)
Kumari
(Padmini)
Anita Verma
(Parveen Babi)
Anantlakshmi
(Shobha)
Jamna
(Nasir Khan)
Durai
(R. Muthuraman)
Ravi Verma
(Shashi Kapoor)
Ravi
(Suman)
Kamla
(Azra)
Kamala
(Rajasree)
Leena Narang
(Neetu Singh)
Radha
(Sripriya)
Govindi
(Leela Chitnis)

(Pandhari Bai)
Sumitra Devi
(Nirupa Roy)
Sita
(Sowcar Janaki)

Crew[edit]

Soundtrack[edit]

Deewaar
Soundtrack album to Deewaar by R.D. Burman
Released 1975
Genre Feature film soundtrack
Language Hindi
Label Universal
Producer R.D. Burman

The Soundtrack of the movie was composed by Rahul Dev Burman, and the lyrics were penned by Sahir Ludhianvi. The soundtrack did well, and the track "Kehdoon Tumhe" was a chartbuster.

Song Singer(s)
"Kehdoon Tumhe" Kishore Kumar and Asha Bhosle
"Maine tujhe manga" Kishore Kumar and Asha Bhosle
"Koi mar jaye" Asha Bhosle and Usha Mangeshkar
"Deewarun ka jungle" Manna Dey
"Idhar ka mal udhar" Bhupinder Singh
"I am falling in love with a stranger" Ursula Vaz

Awards and nominations[edit]

Deewaar is noted for having "swept the 1976 Filmfare Awards except for the Lead Actor, for which Amitabh Bachchan was nominated."[11]

Filmfare Awards

Trivia[edit]

Rajesh Khanna and Navin Nischol were the first choice for Vijay and Ravi's roles but Salim-Javed insisted that Amitabh Bachchan would suit Vijay's character better. Similarly Nirupa Roy's role was first offered to Vyjayanthimala but she turned it down.[13]

Influence on other films[edit]

The film was later remade in Telugu as Magaadu (1976) starring NTR with Ramakrishna, and in Tamil as Thee (1981) starring Rajnikanth, Suman, Manorama and Sripriya. Naam was also influenced by Deewar and was written by one of Deewar's cowriters. British director Danny Boyle, who described Deewaar as being “absolutely key to Indian cinema”, cited the film as an influence on his Academy Award winning Slumdog Millionaire (2008).[14] Actor Anil Kapoor noted that some scenes of Slumdog Millionaire "are like Deewaar, the story of two brothers of whom one is completely after money while the younger one is honest and not interested in money."[15]

Further reading[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.boxofficeindia.com/showProd.php?itemCat=181&catName=MTk3NQ==
  2. ^ "Deewar: the fiction of film and the fact of politics". Ejumpcut.org. Retrieved 2011-06-22. 
  3. ^ "Film legend promotes Bollywood". BBC News. 23 April 2002. Retrieved 2011-06-22. 
  4. ^ Bombay Cinema. Books.google.com. 23 April 2007. Retrieved 2011-06-22. 
  5. ^ Amitabh Bachchan and Parveen Babi in Deewar (23 January 2005). "As in life, so in death: lonely and lovelorn". Telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 2011-06-22. 
  6. ^ "'We'll never know her full story'". Inhome.rediff.com. 24 January 2005. Retrieved 2011-06-22. 
  7. ^ "'Cool' Babi broke Deewar of stereotypes". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 22 January 2005. Retrieved 2011-06-22. 
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ "BoxOffice India.com". BoxOffice India.com. Retrieved 2011-06-22. 
  10. ^ "25 Must See Bollywood Movies – Special Features-Indiatimes – Movies". Movies.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2011-06-22. 
  11. ^ "When Kishore sang non-stop for Filmfare". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 28 February 2009. Retrieved 2011-06-22. 
  12. ^ "1st Filmfare Awards 1953". Deep750.googlepages.com. Retrieved 2011-06-22. 
  13. ^ http://movies.ndtv.com/bollywood/indian-cinema-100-12-fun-facts-about-deewar-361620
  14. ^ Amitava Kumar (23 December 2008). "Slumdog Millionaire's Bollywood Ancestors". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 2008-01-04. 
  15. ^ Runna Ashish Bhutda, Ashwini Deshmukh, Kunal M Shah, Vickey Lalwani, Parag Maniar, Subhash K Jha (13 January 2009). "The Slumdog Millionaire File". Mumbai Mirror. Retrieved 2009-01-30. 

External links[edit]