Douglas Albert Russell (born February 20, 1946) is an American former competitive swimmer, Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in three different events.
Russell was born in
New York City, but raised in [1 ] Midland, Texas. He began swimming in high school for Midland High School, swimming in the new 50-meter "Alamo" pool built by the city in 1962. It was later renamed in his honor: the "Douglas Russell Swimming Pool." He was an all-around swimmer in high school—swimming competitively in butterfly, backstroke, and individual medley events. Other school swimmers of the era remember him as a tough competitor who was hard to beat but who brought out the best in swimmers around him. [2 ] [3 ]
He attended the
University of Texas at Arlington (UTA), where he swam for coach Don Easterling's Arlington Mavericks swimming and diving team in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) competition. Doug Russell Park, on the southern border of the UTA campus, was later named in his honor. At the [4 ] 1967 Pan American Games, he won a gold medal in the 200-meter individual medley. He also won an NCAA national championship in the 100-yard butterfly in 1968, and Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) national outdoor title in the 100-meter butterfly. [5 ]
1968 Summer Olympics, Russell won the first-ever gold medal awarded in the men's 100-meter butterfly—an event which made its debut at the 1968 Olympics–in an upset over teammate and favorite Mark Spitz. He won another gold medal swimming the butterfly leg for the winning U.S. team in the 4x100-meter medley relay. Russell, together with relay teammates Charlie Hickcox (backstroke), Don McKenzie (breaststroke), and Ken Walsh (freestyle), set a new world record of 3:54.9 in the event final.
Russell was inducted into the
International Swimming Hall of Fame as an "Honor Swimmer" in 1985. He remains involved in swimming as the Head Coach of the Longhorn Aquatics Pflugerville Team. </ref> [5 ] See also [ edit ] References [ edit ] External links [ edit ]
1960: USA ( McKinney, Hait, Larson, Farrell) 1964: USA ( Mann, Craig, Schmidt, Clark) 1968: USA ( Hickcox, McKenzie, Russell, Walsh) 1972: USA ( Stamm, Bruce, Spitz, Heidenreich) 1976: USA ( Naber, Hencken, Vogel, Montgomery) 1980: Australia ( Kerry, Evans, Tonelli, Brooks) 1984: USA ( Carey, Lundquist, Morales, Gaines) 1988: USA ( Berkoff, Schroeder, Biondi, Jacobs) 1992: USA ( Rouse, Diebel, Morales, Olsen) 1996: USA ( Rouse, Linn, Henderson, Hall, Jr.) 2000: USA ( Krayzelburg, Moses, Crocker, Hall, Jr.) 2004: USA ( Peirsol, Hansen, Crocker, Lezak) 2008: USA ( Peirsol, Hansen, Phelps, Lezak) 2012: USA ( Grevers, Hansen, Phelps, Adrian)
1951: ( United States Stack, Stassforth, Cleveland) 1955: ( United States McKinney, Maguire, Baarcke, Scholes) 1959: ( United States McKinney, Munsch, Troy, Farrell) 1963: ( United States McGeagh, Craig, Richardson, Kirby) 1967: ( United States Russell, Webb, Spitz, Walsh) 1971: ( United States Murphy, Job, Heidenreich, Heckl) 1975: ( United States Rocca, Colella, Curington, Babashoff) 1979: ( United States Jackson, Lundquist, Placak, McCagg) 1983: ( United States Carey, Lundquist, Gribble, Gaines) 1987: ( United States Gill, Korhammer, King, Dudley) 1991: ( United States Gill, Dersch, Merrell, Thomas) 1995: ( United States Rouse, Van Neerden, Henderson, Olsen) 1999: ( Brazil Massura, Tomazini, Scherer, Borges) 2003: ( United States Marshall, Gangloff, Michaelson, Brunelli) 2007: ( United States Bal, Gangloff, Berens, Grant) 2011: ( Brazil Guido, França, Mangabeira, Cielo)
1959: : Italy Unknown 1961: : Japan Unknown 1963: : Hungary Unknown 1965: : ( USA Mann, Tretheway, Riker, Roth) 1967: : ( USA Hickcox, Merten, Russell, Walsh) 1970: : ( USA Ivey, Shilling, Ferris, Heckl) 1973: : ( USA Johnson, Chatfield, Poucher, Knox) 1977: : ( USA Ballard, Michaelis, Curington, Ebuna) 1979: : ( USA Manganiello, Lundberg, Bottom, Peppas) 1981: : Soviet Union Unknown 1983: : Soviet Union Unknown 1985: : ( USA Rhodenbaugh, Moffet, O'Neil, McCadam) 1987: : ( USA Berkoff, Torres, Mortenson, Hansen) 1991: : ( USA Hansen, Kutler, Pajer, Schwenk) 1993: : ( USA Schwenk, Crawford, Pepper, Fox) 1995: : ( USA Jachimowski, Engstrom-Heg, Lancaster, Davis) 1997: : ( USA Brewer, Kling, Martyak, Jones) 1999: : ( USA Ulrickson, McDonnell, Pierce, Busse) 2001: : ( USA Marshall, Denniston, Haidinyak, VonSchoff) 2003: : ( Ukraine Nikolaychuk, Lisogor, Serdinov, Yegoshin) 2005: : ( Ukraine Bugayov, Lisogor, Advena, Syzonenko) 2007: : ( Russia Smirnov, Falko, Korotyshkin, Grechin) 2009: : ( Japan R. Irie, Sakimoto, S. Irie, Harada) 2011: : ( Japan Irie, Tateishi, Kishida, Shioura) 2013: : ( Russia Morozov, Strelnikov, Koptelov, Grechin)