|Max Cavalera |
Performing with Cavalera Conspiracy at the Eurockéennes festival in Belfort, France on July 5, 2008
|Background information |
|Birth name ||Massimiliano Antonio Cavalera |
|Also known as ||Max Possessed |
|Born || August 4, 1969 |
Belo Horizonte, Brazil
|Genres ||Groove metal, thrash metal, death metal, alternative metal, heavy metal, nu metal, world, industrial metal |
|Occupations ||Musician, singer-songwriter |
|Instruments ||Vocals, guitar, bass guitar, berimbau, percussion, sitar |
|Years active ||1984–present |
|Labels ||Roadrunner, Cogumelo |
|Associated acts ||Sepultura, Nailbomb, Soulfly, Cavalera Conspiracy, Deftones |
|Website ||www.soulfly.com |
|Notable instruments |
|ESP Max Cavalera AX signature model |
Massimiliano Antonio "Max" Cavalera (Portuguese pronunciation: [ma(k)similiˈɐnu ɐ̃ˈtonju kɐvɐˈleɾɐ], born August 4, 1969) is a Brazilian singer, guitarist, and songwriter. He was the lead singer and rhythm guitarist for the heavy metal band Sepultura, before forming Soulfly in the late 1990s. Cavalera was also involved in a short-lived side project, Nailbomb, and is currently performing with Soulfly and another project, Cavalera Conspiracy.
Life and career 
His father, Graziano Cavalera, was an employee of the Italian Consulate in São Paulo and died at 40 years of age and is buried in Belo Horizonte; Max was nine when his father died. Max's family was in a state of financial crisis and family turbulence when he formed Sepultura with his younger brother Igor and Wagner Lamounier, later adding Paulo Jr. and Jairo Guedes after Lamounier left the band. Andreas Kisser later replaced Guedes after the latter left Sepultura.
In the early 1990s he relocated to Phoenix, Arizona. He did not begin to make spiritual-music until after he quit Sepultura. His earlier lyrics for Soulfly were influenced by religion and spirituality, though he is critical of religion. His later albums, starting with Dark Ages, began to incoporate lyrical themes of violence, warfare, anger and hatred. His albums have all been dedicated to God, and he has often been depicted by the press as a man of religion, especially in America, something that Cavalera himself says he does not understand:
|“ ||I do hate a lot of 'religion' but people like Christ - yeah they inspire me. I mean if you look at Christ, He was hanging around with the lowlifes, prostitutes and the losers you know, not going around with those high society motherfuckers you see trying to sell Jesus today! ||” |
When asked in an interview whether he was a Christian and whether Soulfly was a Christian band, he said:
|“ ||No. I mean, if I was a Christian I would wear all these different kinds of omens. Because Christian people are so close-minded. A priest would not accept that. So I don't like the concept of Christianity in terms of being so close-minded. It is the same with music. Sometimes I compare preachers to close-minded musicians or close-minded listeners, who only like one kind of music. Some preachers are the same. And they don't tolerate Hindus, Buddhists or whatever. Only them. It's bullshit. So Soulfly is not a Christian band at all. Very much opposite. But we are very spiritual. Spiritual has nothing to do with Christianity anyway. It has been here since the beginning of time. ||” |
In another interview he was asked about the Varg Vikernes church burnings. He quoted, "I support church burnings 100 percent, but why don't we just burn everything. Mosques, temples, all religious buildings." However he later claimed his views changed about the church burnings and called them "too violent." He has stated that he does believe in God, "But it might be different than the God the preacher preaches about." (link?)
Of enduring influence to his music is the untimely death of his stepson Dana Wells, who was killed after the release of Roots in 1996. The songs "Bleed", "First Commandment", "Pain", "Tree of Pain" and "Revengeance" are tributes to Wells, as well as Deftones' song "Headup", in which Cavalera featured and co-wrote. He reunited with his brother Igor, in their band Cavalera Conspiracy, and wrote and performed on Soulfly's Conquer, released in 2008.  In November 2011, Cavalera announced that he is working on an autobiography, for publication in 2013: his co-writer is the British author Joel McIver and the book's foreword has been written by Dave Grohl.
With Sepultura, Cavalera played a B.C. Rich Warlock, and now plays a custom ESP 6 String signature guitar. Designed to his specifications and based on the Viper design, the guitar features a Seymour Duncan SH6 Distortion pickup. A budget version (with a stock pickup) is sold under the LTD moniker. Another signature guitar produced by ESP, based on the AX model, is white with a Soulfly logo inlays. He also used a series of Gibson SG guitars during his later years in Sepultura and on the first two Soulfly albums and the tours that supported them. For 2011, ESP did a new signature model for Max, called the Max Cavalera EX, which consists in a single Seymour Duncan distortion and Soulfly logo inlays. He plays through a Peavey 3120, and also used Peavey 6505.
Cavalera's own guitar is only strung with four strings, as he has claimed that he never used the highest two strings. Besides the guitar, he also plays a berimbau, a Brazilian one-string instrument (cordophone family), a sitar and sometimes percussion on stage and studio recordings.
Cavalera has collaborated with many different artists while in Sepultura and Soulfly. In 2003 he joined forces with former Nirvana drummer and Foo Fighters' frontman Dave Grohl to produce "Red War" for the self-titled release of Dave Grohl's metal project, Probot.
Cavalera has worked with the following musicians:
- Tom Araya (Slayer) - guest vocals and bass on "Terrorist", on Soulfly's Primitive
- Grady Avenell (Will Haven) - vocals on "Pain", on Soulfly's Primitive
- Burton C. Bell (Fear Factory) - vocals on "Eye for an Eye"
- Jello Biafra - on "Biotech is Godzilla", for Sepultura's Chaos A.D.
- Ill Bill / Immortal Technique - vocals on "War Is My Destiny" on Ill Bill's The Hour of Reprisal
- Eric Bobo (Cypress Hill)
- Carlinhos Brown - "Ratamahatta", on Sepultura's Roots
- Rex Brown (Pantera) - bass on "Ultra Violent", on Cavalera Conspiracy's Inflikted
- Mario Caldato Jr. - producer on Soulfly's debut album
- Dino Cazares (former Brujeria, current Divine Heresy, Fear Factory and Asesino) - guest guitarist on Nailbomb's Point Blank and Soulfly's "Eye For An Eye"
- Hornsman Coyote (Eyesburn) - Vocals and Trombone on "Moses" from Prophecy and "Innerspirit" from Dark Ages
- Jonathan Davis (Korn) - "Lookaway" on Sepultura's Roots
- Fred Durst (Limp Bizkit) - "Bleed" on Soulfly's debut album
- Dave Grohl - vocals on Probot's "Red War"
- David Ellefson - bass on Prophecy
- Dez Fafara (Coal Chamber, DevilDriver) - vocals on "Redemption of Man By God" from Enslaved by Soulfly.
- Rhys Fulber (Front Line Assembly, Fear Factory, Delerium) - live keyboards for Nailbomb
- Sean Lennon - on "Son Song", from Soulfly's Primitive
- DJ Lethal (Limp Bizkit) - "Bleed" and "Quilombo" on Soulfly's debut album, "Lookaway" on Sepultura's Roots
- Cristian Machado (Ill Niño) - "One" on Soulfly's third album 3
- Danny Marianino (North Side Kings) - vocals on "Call to Arms" from 3 and "Defeat U" from Prophecy by Soulfly.
- Roy Mayorga (former Nausea, Thorn, Medication, Soulfly and current Stone Sour drummer)
- Roger Miret (Agnostic Front) guest vocals on "Lynch Mob" from Blunt Force Trauma by Cavalera Conspiracy
- Chino Moreno (Deftones) - guest vocalist on "Pain" from the album Primitive by Soulfly and also "First Commandment" on Soulfly's debut self-titled release; Max performed guest vocals on the Deftones song "Headup" from the album Around the Fur
- Alex Newport (Fudge Tunnel) - co-founder of Nailbomb
- Mike Patton (Faith No More, Mr. Bungle, Fantômas, Tomahawk) - "Lookaway" on Sepultura's Roots
- D.H. Peligro (Dead Kennedys) - drummer on Nailbomb's Point Blank
- Dave Peters (Throwdown) - guest vocals on "Unleash" from Conquer by Soulfly
- Greg Puciato (The Dillinger Escape Plan) guest vocals on "Rise of the Fallen" from Omen by Soulfly
- Travis Ryan (Cattle Decapitation) - vocals on "World Scum" from Enslaved by Soulfly.
- Ross Robinson - producer on Sepultura's Roots and Soulfly's debut album
- Evan Seinfeld (Biohazard) - guest bassist on Point Blank by Nailbomb
- David Silveria (ex-Korn) - Additional percussion on "Ratamahatta" on Roots by Sepultura
- Corey Taylor (Slipknot, Stone Sour) - guest vocalist on "Jumpdafuckup" from the album Primitive by Soulfly
- Matt Tuck (Bullet for My Valentine) - vocals on "Repressed" by Apocalyptica
- David Vincent (Morbid Angel) - guest vocals on "Blood Fire War Hate" from Conquer by Soulfly
- Tommy Victor (Prong) guest vocals on "Lethal Injection" from Omen by Soulfly
- Benji Webbe (Dub War, Skindred) - vocals on "Quilombo" and "Prejudice" on Soulfly's debut album and vocals on the track "Blow Away", on reissues of Soulfly.
Cavalera appeared in The Scorpion King in an off-camera role, providing the guttural screams for Dwayne Johnson. He also appears in the video game Grand Theft Auto IV: The Lost and Damned as a DJ for the radio channel LCHC.
- Cavalera Conspiracy
Cavalera, a dedicated football fan who supports Brazilian football club Atletico Mineiro, still lives in Phoenix, Arizona with his wife Gloria and his 4 children, Zyon, Igor, Richie, and Roxanne - Richie, the eldest, was adopted by Max. Zyon, Igor and Richie have all collaborated with Max in his various projects, particularly Richie, who has contributed vocals to albums by Cavalera Conspiracy and Soulfly, and played occasional guitar on Nailbomb's live album Proud to Commit Commercial Suicide, credited as Richie Bujinowski. The 3 sons are also active in music, with Richie fronting Incite and Igor and Zyon performing in Lody Kong. In 2012 and 2013 Zyon toured with Soulfly after David Kinkade's retirement.
External links