Benjamin Fondane

Benjamin Fondane
1898 - 1944
Benjamin Fondane  French Critic

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Benjamin Fondane is a member of the following lists: French Jews, 1898 births and Jewish writers.


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First Name Benjamin
Last Name Fondane
Birthday 14th November, 1898
Birthplace Iaşi
Died 2nd October, 1944
Place of Death Auschwitz-Birkenau, German-occupied Poland
Zodiac Sign Scorpio
Nationality French
Occupation Text poet, dramatist, opinion journalist, critic, philosopher, translator, theater producer, screenwriter, film director, librarian, news presenter
Occupation Critic
Music Genre (Text) biography, epic poetry, essay, free verse, idyll, lyric poetry, memoir, ode, pastiche, pastoral, prose poem, short story, sonnet, travel writing, verse drama

Benjamin Fondane or Benjamin Fundoianu (born Benjamin Wechsler, Wexler or Vecsler, first name also Beniamin or Barbu, usually abridged to B.; November 14, 1898 – October 2, 1944) was a Romanian and French poet, critic and existentialist philosopher, also noted for his work in film and theater. Known from his Romanian youth as a Symbolist poet and columnist, he alternated Neoromantic and Expressionist themes with echoes from Tudor Arghezi, and dedicated several poetic cycles to the rural life of his native Moldavia. Fondane, who was of Jewish Romanian extraction and a nephew of Jewish intellectuals Elias and Moses Schwartzfeld, participated in both minority secular Jewish culture and mainstream Romanian culture. During and after World War I, he was active as a cultural critic, avant-garde promoter and, with his brother-in-law Armand Pascal, manager of the theatrical troupe Insula.

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