Elizabeth Freeman (Mum Bett)

Elizabeth Freeman (Mum Bett)
1742 - 1829

Elizabeth Freeman (Mum Bett)  American Activist


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Elizabeth Freeman (Mum Bett) is a member of the following lists: People from Berkshire County, Massachusetts, People from Columbia County, New York and African-American people.


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First Name Elizabeth
Last Name Freeman
Alternative Name Elizabeth Freeman
Birthday 30th November, 1741
Birthplace Claverack, New York, U.S.A.
Died 28th December, 1829
Build Average
Eye Color Black
Hair Color Black
Sexuality Straight
Ethnicity Black
Nationality American
Occupation Text Midwife, herbalist, servant
Occupation Activist

Elizabeth Freeman (c.1744 – December 28, 1829), also known as Bet, Mum Bett, or MumBet, was the first enslaved African American to file and win a freedom suit in Massachusetts. The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court ruling, in Freeman's favor, found slavery to be inconsistent with the 1780 Massachusetts State Constitution. Her suit, Brom and Bett v. Ashley (1781), was cited in the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court appellate review of Quock Walker's freedom suit. When the court upheld Walker's freedom under the state's constitution, the ruling was considered to have implicitly ended slavery in Massachusetts.

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