Roger Bacon

Roger Bacon
1214 - 1294

Roger Bacon  British Philosopher

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80

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Roger Bacon is a member of the following lists: English Roman Catholics, Philosophers of mind and Alumni of the University of Oxford.

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Details

First Name Roger
Last Name Bacon
Birthday 30th November, 1213
Birthplace near Ilchester, Somerset, England
Died 1294
Place of Death near Oxford, Oxfordshire, England
Nationality British
Occupation Philosopher

Roger Bacon OFM (; Latin: Rogerus or Rogerius Baconus, Baconis, also Frater Rogerus; c. – c.), also known by the scholastic accolade Doctor Mirabilis, was a medieval English philosopher and Franciscan friar who placed considerable emphasis on the study of nature through empiricism. In the early modern era, he was regarded as a wizard and particularly famed for the story of his mechanical or necromantic brazen head. He is sometimes credited (mainly since the 19th century) as one of the earliest European advocates of the modern scientific method. Bacon applied the empirical method of Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen) to observations in texts attributed to Aristotle. Bacon discovered the importance of empirical testing when the results he obtained were different than those that would have been predicted by Aristotle. (Aristotle had never performed experiments to verify his explanations of his observations of nature; in ancient times, constructing an artificial situation was not considered a valid way to discover the laws of nature.)

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